Irritable Bowel Syndrome or IBS is a type of gastrointestinal syndrome which is often characterized by distension, stomach cramps, intolerance to certain foods, constipation or diarrhea, abdominal pain and excessive gas formation leading to bloating. It is typically a functional disorder which means that there are functional disruptions and changes in normal functioning of the digestive system, which in turn results in bowel movement issues accompanied with multiple symptoms. IBS is also referred to as spastic colon, or mucous colitis, nervous colon as well as functional bowel disorder.
Causes of IBS
There is no definite reason which could be stated as the primary cause behind IBS as per medical science. However, there are certain conditions that can act as potential risk factors in leading to IBS. Here are some of the common risk factors mentioned below which can been found to be certain reasons behind the occurrence of IBS in many patients for a proper IBS treatment:
- Amongst many risks one is hypersensitivity to pain during bowel movement or gas movements.
- Abnormal small intestine or colon movements.
- Sometimes IBS also initiates one’s poor absorption power of food acids and sugar, creating food sensitivities.
- Stomach Flu, medically termed as gastroenteritis which is a typical bacterial infection that affects stomach and intestine can also possibly gear IBS.
- In many cases neurotransmitters or reproductive hormones has been found to be out of normal balance with patients complaining of IBS.
- Apart from certain physical conditions and disorder even psychological conditions like excessive stress, depression or even anxiety are some of the reasons; however, these are not entailed as directs reasons of IBS although.
- Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBG) is a common reason behind IBS.
- Besides, as per medical researches it has also been found that IBS can also be a result of your hereditary connections and genetics.
Types of IBS
To get through the right IBS treatmenteven your medical expert, in the beginning needs to diagnose the type of your IBS. Commonly there are two types of IBS characterized particularly by bowel movements, since in both the disorders almost all other symptoms are same apart from the bowel movement.
IBS – D (IBS with Diarrhea)
This type of IBS is particularly characterized with diarrhea that is frequent movement of bowel along with other common symptoms like nausea; unsatisfied feeling tends to linger even after bowel movement, abdominal pain, irritation, loose and frequent stools, bloating, frequent urges for bowel movement, etc.
IBS – C (IBS with Constipation)
This kind of IBS is generally accompanied with distinguished trouble in bowel movement, excessive straining during the movement, infrequent bowel, excessive gas and bloating along with abdominal pain.
Therefore, while determining what type of IBS you are suffering from or what could possibly be the reason behind your IBS, it is essential to check through your medical history for best IBS treatment. Therefore, if you are planning for a doctor visit, you must make sure that you know and elaborate all your symptoms, problems as well as you should have your complete record of your medical history. Apart from the symptoms and your medical records a doctor might as well recommend and prescribe you to go through some medical tests to detect the core reason behind the Irritable bowel syndrome, like
- Blood tests
- CT Scan
- Stool Test
- X ray
Nowadays since medical science has made a lot of advancement, there are two advanced tests available to detect the IBS type for a proper IBS treatment. Both these tests for IBS-C and IBS-D are for anti–vinculin antibodies and anti-cut. These antibodies are triggered by some gastrointestinal bacterial infection.